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Announcement of USA antidumping on Citric Acid

On April 7, announcement of affirmative final determinations in the antidumping duty investigations on imports of citric acid and certain citrate salts from the People's Republic of China and Canada.

USA Department of Commerce determined that Chinese and Canadian producers have sold citric acid and citrate salts in the United States at 94.61 to 156.87 percent, and 23.21percent below normal value, respectively.

In the China investigation, mandatory respondents TTCA Co., Ltd. and Yixing Union Biochemical Co., Ltd., received final dumping rates of 129.08 and 94.61 percent, respectively. Eleven Chinese exporters qualified for a separate rate of 111.85 percent. All other exporters will receive the China-wide rate of 156.87 percent.

In the Canada investigation, mandatory respondent, Jungbunzlauer Canada, Inc., received a final dumping rate of 23.21 percent.

In addition, Commerce also determined that Chinese producers/exporters have received net countervailable subsidies ranging from 3.60 to 118.95 percent. As a result of these final determinations, Commerce will instruct U.S. Customs and Border Protection to collect a cash deposit or bond based on these final rates.

The petitioners for these
investigations are Archer Daniels Midland Company (IL); Cargill, Incorporated (MN); and Tate & Lyle Americas, Inc. (IL).

The U.S. International Trade Commission  is scheduled to issue its final injury determination on or about May 18. If this commission makes affirmative final injury determinations that imports of citric acid and citrate salts from Canada and China materially injure, or threaten material injury to, the domestic industry, Commerce will issue antidumping and countervailing duty orders.

The scope of these investigations includes all grades of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate in their unblended forms, whether dry or in solution. The scope also includes blends of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate; as well as blends with other ingredients, such as sugar, where the unblended form(s) of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate constitute 40 percent or more, by weight, of the blend.

Also included are all forms of crude calcium citrate, including dicalcium citrate Monohydrate, and tricalcium citrate tetrahydrate.

The scope does not include calcium citrate that satisfies the standards set forth in the United States Pharmacopeia and has been mixed with a functional excipient, such as dextrose or starch, where the excipient constitutes at least 2 percent, by weight, of the product. The scope includes the hydrous and anhydrous forms of citric acid, the dihydrate and anhydrous forms of sodium citrate, otherwise known as citric acid sodium salt, and the monohydrate and monopotassium forms of potassium citrate. Sodium citrate also includes both trisodium citrate and monosodium citrate, which are also known as citric acid trisodium salt and citric acid monosodium salt, respectively.

In 2008, imports of citric acid and citrate salts from Canada were valued at an estimated $60-65 million. Imports from China were valued at an estimated $100-110 million.


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